Duo integrates with VMware Horizon View 5.1 and newer to add two-factor authentication with passcodes to VMware View client login.
This configuration allows use of passcodes to authenticate to VMware View, as well as Duo's push and phone call authentication and SMS.
You should already have a working primary authentication configuration for your VMware View Server users before you begin to deploy Duo.
To integrate Duo with your VMware View Server, you will need to install a local proxy service on a machine within your network. This Duo proxy server also acts as a RADIUS server — there's usually no need to deploy a separate RADIUS server to use Duo.
Before proceeding, you should locate (or set up) a system on which you will install the Duo Authentication Proxy. The proxy supports Windows and Linux systems (in particular, we recommend Windows Server 2012 R2 or later, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 or later, CentOS 7 or later, or Debian 7 or later).
Then you'll need to:
This integration communicates with Duo's service on TCP port 443. Also, we do not recommend locking down your firewall to individual IP addresses, since these may change over time to maintain our service's high availability.
The Duo Authentication Proxy can be installed on a physical or virtual host. We recommend a system with at least 1 CPU, 200 MB disk space, and 4 GB RAM (although 1 GB RAM is usually sufficient).
Ensure that OpenSSL, Python 2.6 or 2.7 (including development headers and libraries), and a compiler toolchain are installed. On most recent RPM-based distributions — like Fedora, RedHat Enterprise, and CentOS — you can install these by running (as root):
$ yum install gcc make openssl-devel python-devel libffi-devel
On Debian-derived systems, install these dependencies by running (as root):
$ apt-get install build-essential libssl-dev python-dev libffi-dev
To ensure that your Python version will work with the Authentication Proxy, run:
$ python --version
If the output does not say "Python 2.6.x" or "Python 2.7.x", first take note that many distributions can support multiple versions of python simultaneously. If your python installation does not appear to be a supported version, try replacing "python" in the above command with "python2.6" or "python2.7". If neither of these work, then you will need to install a different version of Python. You may need to search additional repositories for your distribution (e.g. for Centos or Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux), or build Python from source.
Download the most recent Authentication Proxy for Unix from https://dl.duosecurity.com/duoauthproxy-latest-src.tgz. Depending on your download method, the actual filename may reflect the version e.g. duoauthproxy-2.7.0-src.tgz.
Extract the Authentication Proxy files and build it as follows:
Where python_command is the command to run a Python 2.6 or Python 2.7 interpreter (e.g. "python", "python2.6", "python2.7").
$ tar xzf duoauthproxy-latest-src.tgz $ cd duoauthproxy-version-src $ export PYTHON=python_command $ make
Install the authentication proxy (as root):
$ cd duoauthproxy-build $ ./install
Follow the prompts to complete the installation.
If you ever need to uninstall the proxy, run
After the installation completes, you will need to configure the proxy.
The Duo Authentication Proxy configuration file is named authproxy.cfg, and located in the conf subdirectory of the proxy installation. With default installation paths, the proxy configuration file will be located at:
|Platform||Default Configuration Path|
|Windows (64-bit)||C:\Program Files (x86)\Duo Security Authentication Proxy\conf\authproxy.cfg|
|Windows (32-bit)||C:\Program Files\Duo Security Authentication Proxy\conf\authproxy.cfg|
The configuration file is formatted as a simple INI file. Section headings appear as:
Individual properties beneath a section appear as:
The Authentication Proxy may include an existing authproxy.cfg with some example content. For the purposes of these instructions, however, you should delete the existing content and start with a blank text file. We recommend using WordPad or another text editor instead of Notepad when editing the config file on Windows.
At the top of your authproxy.cfg, create a
[duo_only_client] section. This section has no additional parameters to configure.
When using the
[duo_only_client] configuration, the Authentication Proxy will ignore primary credentials and perform Duo factor authentication only.
Next, we'll set up the Authentication Proxy to work with your VMware View Server. Create a
[radius_server_challenge] section with the following properties:
||Your integration key.|
||Your secret key.|
||Your API hostname (e.g. "api-XXXXXXXX.duosecurity.com").|
||The IP address of your VMware View Server.|
||A secret to be shared between the proxy and your VMware View Server. If you're on Windows and would like to encrypt this secret, see Encrypting Passwords in the full Authentication Proxy documentation.|
The mechanism that the Authentication Proxy should use to perform primary authentication. This should correspond with a "client" section elsewhere in the config file.
This parameter is optional if you only have one "client" section. If you have multiple, each "server" section should specify which "client" to use.
||The port on which to listen for incoming RADIUS Access Requests. Default: 1812.|
Either "safe" or "secure":
A completed config file, with no primary authenticator, should look something like:
[duo_only_client] [radius_server_challenge] ikey=DIXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX skey=XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX api_host=api-XXXXXXXX.duosecurity.com failmode=safe client=duo_only_client radius_ip_1=220.127.116.11 radius_secret_1=radiussecret1 port=1812
Make sure to save your configuration file when done.
Open an Administrator command prompt and run:
net start DuoAuthProxy
Alternatvely, open the Windows Services console (services.msc), locate "Duo Security Authentication Proxy Service" in the list of services, and click the Start Service button.
If the service starts successfully, Authentication Proxy service output is written to the authproxy.log file, which can be found in the log subdirectory.
If you see an error saying that the "service could not be started", open the Application Event Viewer and look for an Error from the source "DuoAuthProxy". The traceback may include a "ConfigError" that can help you find the source of the issue.
Stop and restart the Authentication Proxy service by either clicking the Restart Service button in the Windows Services console or issuing these commands from an Administrator command prompt:
net stop DuoAuthProxy & net start DuoAuthProxy
Open a root shell and run:
# /opt/duoauthproxy/bin/authproxyctl start
To ensure the proxy started successfully, run:
# /opt/duoauthproxy/bin/authproxyctl status
Authentication Proxy service output is written to the authproxy.log file, which can be found in the log subdirectory.
To stop and restart the Authentication Proxy, open a root shell and run:
# /opt/duoauthproxy/bin/authproxyctl restart
If you modify your
authproxy.cfg configuration after initial setup, you'll need to stop and restart the Duo Authentication Proxy service or process for your change to take effect.
|Hostname/Address||The IP address of your Duo Authentication Proxy|
|Authentication Port||(Default Radius for 1812)|
|Shared secret||The RADIUS secret shared with your Duo Authentication Proxy|
|Server Timeout||30 seconds|
Start Your VMware View Client and enter your primary credentials (make sure you've already enrolled in Duo).
After you enter your username and password, a second window prompts you for a next response (the passcode field).
Horizon View client version 6.0 and later display an enhanced challenge prompt, listing your available factors (or an enrollment URL).
In the passcode field you may enter a passcode or choose from the following factor names by typing the word:
Perform Duo Push authentication
You can use Duo Push if you've installed Duo Mobile and added your account to it
|phone||Perform phone callback authentication|
Send a new batch of SMS passcodes
Your authentication attempt will be denied. You can then authenticate with one of the newly-delivered passcodes.
If you wanted to use Duo Push (rather than a passcode) to authenticate, you would enter:
username: bob password: password passcode: push
You can also specify a number after the factor name if you have more than one device enrolled. So you can enter phone2 or push2 if you have two phones enrolled.
Need some help? Take a look at the View Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) page or try searching our VMWare Horizon View Knowledge Base articles or Community discussions. For further assistance, contact Support.